Nature's resources are extensive, providing not only food, clothing, housing, and antiques, but also medicine for millennia. The greatest gift of nature is her environment, which provides food and medicine to allow mankind not only survive but also grow, develop, and thrive, especially in the face of disease and suffering. Ethnomedicine is the study of natural resources that have traditionally been used to treat or manage diseases in various ethnic cultures. Scientifically, "ethnomedicine" is the study of ethnic communities' "traditional medicine," or their knowledge and practices that have been passed down orally over ages and evolved over millennia of human existence. The integration of ethnomedicine and network pharmacology, guided by ethnomedicine theory, will aid in understanding the essence of ethnomedicine prevention and therapy in a dynamic and comprehensive manner.