Traditional medicine (TM) is stated as the sum of knowledge, skills, and practises based on theories, beliefs, and experiences that are indigenous to various cultures and are used to maintain health, as well as to prevent, diagnose, improve, or treat physical and mental conditions. Some traditional medicine systems are backed up by massive amounts of literature and recordings of theoretical notions and practical abilities, while others are passed down verbally from generation to generation. Till now, the majority of the population in several regions of the globe continues to rely on traditional medicine to cover their primary health care needs. Traditional medicine has grown in popularity over the last few decades all across the world. These approaches have been employed not only for primary healthcare of the poor in developing nations, but also in other countries where conventional medications predominate in the national healthcare system.
Naturopathy is a type of medicine that incorporates both modern and traditional techniques. Alternative, natural therapies to modern medicine are included. Alternative medicine/therapy and supplementary medicine/therapy are other synonyms for natural therapy, though the latter two should not be used interchangeably. These techniques, which are an alternative to conventional medicine, strive to fill in the gaps when regular therapies fail to deliver a satisfactory result. To put it another way, natural therapy refers to any alternative medical treatment that hasn't been scientifically demonstrated to produce the desired benefits but hasn't been proven to be detrimental. The focus of naturopathic treatment strategies is on prevention and education. Diet, exercise, and stress management are frequently emphasized.
Massage therapy is the scientific manipulation of the body's soft tissues for the purpose of restoring such tissues, and it entails manual techniques such as providing fixed or moveable pressure, holding, and/or moving the body. It is a type of manual therapy in which the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and fascia are held, moved, and pressured. The term "massage therapy" is used to represent a wide range of treatments that differ in the way touch, pressure, and treatment intensity are applied. Massage therapy has a long and rich history in various cultures. People nowadays use a range of massage therapies for a number of health-related reasons. Traditional Chinese and Indian medicine make extensive use of massage techniques.
Mind-body treatments are a collection of healing techniques that aim to promote overall health and well-being by enhancing the mind's interactions with bodily function. Daily practice is required to get the most out of these therapies, which have grown in popularity over the previous two decades. An increasing amount of evidence suggests that mind-body therapies can help cancer patients cope better by reducing physical and emotional symptoms and boosting coping skills. These methods are most suited for patients and survivors to assist manage their own care because they are pleasant, non invasive, and useful. MBT should be tailored and personalised to the patients' needs and abilities, and should be included in an individual rehabilitation plan developed by rheumatologists, physical therapists, and patients, taking into account the underlying disease as well as the patients' psychological characteristics, needs, and abilities.
Acupuncture is a minimally invasive technique for stimulating nerve-rich areas of the skin surface to affect tissues, glands, organs, and numerous physiological processes. Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese medical treatment that involves inserting needles into particular places on the skin to treat a variety of ailments. It is founded on the idea that a blockage or disturbance in the body's life energy, or "qi," can lead to health problems. Acupuncturists use hair-thin needles to restore qi flow, balance the body's energy, stimulate healing, and induce relaxation at particular acupuncture locations throughout the body. Each acupuncture needle causes a minor injury at the insertion site, which, while minor enough to cause little to no discomfort, is enough of a signal for the body to react. The immune system is stimulated, circulation is improved, wound healing occurs, and pain is reduced as a result of this response.
A plant or plant part exploited for its aroma, flavour, or therapeutic characteristics is known as a herb. One sort of dietary supplement is herbal medicine. Tablets, capsules, powders, teas, extracts, and fresh or dried plants are all available. Herbal remedies are used by people to try to maintain or improve their health. Herbal medicine varies from conventional medicine in that it employs whole plants, usually in the form of an impurified extract; it also employs herb combination (polypharmacy); and it employs diagnostic methods centred on treating "underlying causes." Herbalists typically focus on treating medical conditions and enhancing one's overall well-being.
Homeopathic medicines are called as Homeopathy. Homeopathy is a medical system developed in Germany. Homeopathy uses a different diagnostic system for treatments to individuals and recognizes clinical patterns of signs and symptoms that are different from those of conventional medicine .Homeopathic products come from plants, mineral, animals. Homeopathic products are made as sugar pellets to be placed under the tongue.
Herbal medication having therapeutic and healing effects is referred to as phytomedicine. Phytomedicines are still the most common initial point for the production of such substances, which could be used as clinically relevant and fascinating molecules in the future. Phytomedicines (plant-derived pharmaceuticals) exhibit a wide range of biological actions, and as a result, phytomedicines have been used to prevent and treat diseases all over the world since ancient times. However, insolubility, hydrophobicity, low bioavailability, and high toxicity are among the chemical and biological hurdles that limit the use of such critical phytomedicines. Drug-delivery methods have garnered a lot of interest in this regard. It has existed from the beginning of human society. If phytomedicine is merged with other medical sciences in a wider interdisciplinary approach, it may prove to be a revolutionary step in the current health-care scenario.
Diet is a term that is thrown around so much that most people are unsure of what it means. Diet is frequently viewed as a negative concept; however, this should not be the case. Diet should be linked to a person's overall food intake rather than focusing just on restriction or "being on a diet." Diet is not the same as nutrition. People need to understand the importance of nutrition in improving their health. Diet and nutrition are two topics people should be aware of, and it's critical to understand the differences between the two. Diet refers to the total amount of food consumed by a person or other organism. Diet frequently connotes the usage of a specified nutritional intake for health or weight-loss purposes (with the two often being related). The quality of life, health, and lifespan are all influenced by dietary habits and choices.
Coronaviruses are important diseases in both animals and humans. The new coronavirus discovered in Wuhan, China, appeared as a cluster of pneumonia symptoms toward the end of 2019. It quickly spread over the world, resulting in a global pandemic. Despite ongoing efforts to produce effective treatments and vaccines, the disease continues to spread uncontrollably. Over the last few decades, traditional, complementary, and integrative medicine (TCIM) has garnered considerable attention, and a growing body of research suggests that these treatments can help fight new infectious diseases. TCIM may aid in the restoration of a person's quality of life, the facilitation of self-care, and the promotion of health. Several TCIM techniques, such as herbs, vitamins, aromatherapy, and mind-body practises, have been shown to be effective in lowering stress and anxiety while also increasing immunity, and so could help people cope with the COVID-19 pandemic.
Integrative medicine refers to the treatment of patients using spiritual, emotional, mental, and environmental approaches in addition to medical ones. The main premise is that while treating disease, all elements of the patient are evaluated, including natural and less invasive alternatives whenever available. Integrated medicine (or integrative medicine in the United States) is the practice of medicine that includes complementary and alternative medicine aspects into comprehensive treatment plans with more traditional diagnostic and treatment approaches. Integrative medicine is described as therapeutic treatment that considers the full individual (body, mind, and spirit), as well as all aspects of lifestyle. Integrative medicine takes into account all of the factors that can affect one's health. It is the study of human ecology, which encompasses both physical and nonphysical aspects of people interaction with their surroundings. Relationships provide insight into each individual's unique condition and needs, which is used to provide care. Evidence and study will continue to aid us in determining which therapies will assist in the healing of the body.
Unani medicine, also known as Yunani medicine, is a Perso-Arabic traditional medicine practised in Muslim cultures in South Asia and Central Asia today. Unani medicine is a pseudoscientific system of medicine. Because the Perso-Arabic system of medicine was based on the teachings of Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen, the term Y?n?n? means "Greek." Unani medicine has a Hellenistic background in that it is based on the four classical humours: phlegm (balgham), blood (dam), yellow bile (afr), and black bile (saud'), but it has also been inspired by Indian and Chinese traditional systems.
Siddha medicine is one of India's oldest medicinal traditions. Siddha is the mother medicine of the peninsular South Indian Tamils/Dravidians. Siddha is a Sanskrit word that means "established truth." Siddhars were those who were involved in the establishment of such a Siddha school of thought. In Tamil, they chronicled their mystic discoveries in medicine, yoga, and astrology. The theories of the Five Elements (Aimpootham) and Three Forces/Faults are among Siddha's fundamental principles (Mukkuttram).
Traditional medicine has a long history of disease prevention and control in public health. Today, a growing number of plants used in traditional medicine are being reported to exhibit a variety of activities in infectious disorders, notably viral infections, and thus could serve as additional antiviral sources. Due to its significant role in sustaining good health, traditional medicines are increasingly being used by various groups in many regions of the world, leading to rising awareness and research. According to the World Health Organization, the objective of "health for all" cannot be accomplished without the use of herbal medicines in basic care. To address increasing public health challenges, the centuries-old medical system is being re-examined. As a result, there is an urgent need to improve the drug development process for natural compounds, not just in the next 10 or 20 years, but also in the next 20-40 years and beyond
Today's "buzzword" for research is translational research, however it is a relatively new field of study. Until the twenty-first century, there was little critical consideration of the ethics of translational research. Translational research moves from the laboratory bench to clinical research, clinical treatment at the patient's bedside, and back to the laboratory bench. Translational research aims to speed the flow of insights from clinicians that are moulded into questions that can be answered at the bench and in the clinical research setting, as well as to transfer basic research discoveries into therapies. This concept is being used in pharmaceutical sciences and medication development to speed up the conversion of basic and/or clinical research discoveries into long-term health care solutions. The significance of a translational approach in traditional medicine research could help to justify complex disease treatment therapy.
Aromatherapy is a pseudoscience that purports to improve psychological and physical well-being by using aromatic materials such as essential oils and other aroma molecules. It is provided as a complementary therapy or as a kind of alternative medicine, with the first indicating that it is used in addition to standard treatments and the latter meaning that it is used instead of standard, evidence-based treatments. Aromatherapists, or persons who have expertise in the practice of aromatherapy, use blends of potentially therapeutic essential oils that can be applied topically, massaged, inhaled, or dissolved in water. These essential oil molecules are inhaled or absorbed through the skin during an aromatherapy massage. They are supposed to affect the limbic system, a brain region known to be engaged in emotion, and hence induce good changes in the mind and body.
Ethnomedicine is the study or comparison of traditional medicine practices among different ethnic groups, particularly indigenous peoples. Ethnomedicine is sometimes used interchangeably with traditional medicine. Ethnomedical research is interdisciplinary, employing ethnobotany and medical anthropology methodologies in the study of indigenous remedies. Ethnomedicine is the study and translation of health-related information and theories that people inherit and learn as a result of their cultural upbringing. Each community has its own medical culture, or "ethnomedicine," which shapes the medical common sense, or logic, of that society. In the recent decade, ethnobiology and ethnomedicine have seen a huge growth in research interest and activities. Scientific research in ethnobiology and ethnomedicine has made significant contributions to understanding traditional subsistence and medicinal knowledge and practice since the disciplines' beginning.
Yoga therapy is the practice of applying Yogic concepts to a specific person with the intention of obtaining a spiritual, psychological, or physiological goal. Yoga therapy is a sort of treatment that focuses on improving mental and physical health using yoga postures, breathing exercises, meditation, and guided imagery. Yoga therapy's holistic approach supports the integration of mind, body, and spirit. Modern yoga therapy incorporates components of both physical therapy and psychotherapy into a wide spectrum of therapeutic methods. Yoga has been demonstrated in numerous studies to have a favourable impact on the body in a variety of ways, including helping to control blood glucose levels, improve musculoskeletal disorders, and maintain a healthy cardiovascular system. Yoga has also been demonstrated to offer significant psychological advantages, such as increasing mental energy and positive feelings while reducing negative feelings of aggression, despair, and anxiety.
Any therapeutic or healing method, modality, or session of energy-based bodily therapy that emphasises free-flowing vital force or chi, such as acupuncture or reflexology. Body therapy, often known as massage therapy, is a type of natural healing, relaxation, and regeneration for the body. Body therapists utilise pressure, massage, acupuncture, and herbal cures and medicines to heal disorders in their patients' bodies. They have the ability to relieve chronic or acute pain, relax tight or overworked muscles, and improve general health. Mind-body practises are methods for enhancing the mind's beneficial effects on the body. Behavioural, psychological, social, expressive, and spiritual methods are all used in these procedures. As scientists reveal the complex links between the mind and body, this viewpoint is increasingly shifting.
Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music treatments by a trained practitioner who has completed an accredited music therapy curriculum to achieve individualised goals within a therapeutic partnership. Music therapy approaches can help with a wide range of medical and educational goals. Music therapy can be an active process in which clients participate in the production of music or a passive approach in which clients simply listen to or respond to music. Some therapists may employ a hybrid strategy that includes both active and passive musical encounters. Music therapy's uses and advantages have been studied for decades. Music therapy may be highly customised, making it appropriate for people of all ages, even very young toddlers. It's also adaptable, offering benefits for those with varying levels of musical skill as well as mental and physical health issues.
Any form of medicine or healing that does not fall under conventional medical practise is referred to as "alternative medicine." The term "alternative medicine" refers to a variety of medical practises and systems from all over the world. The word "alternative medicine" has a wide range of meanings. While doctors in one region of the world may consider a practise to be mainstream, doctors in another part of the world may consider it to be alternative. Alternative medicine has been practised for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. Others are rather new. Due to sufficient evidence that it works and poses no hazards, something that began as a "alternative" treatment might sometimes become part of mainstream medicine.
Holistic medicine is a holistic approach to healthcare that considers the full person. Its goal is to improve physical, mental, and spiritual wellbeing. Holistic medicine is a type of medicine that blends standard treatment with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Holistic medicine isn't designed to be used in place of traditional medical care in general. It's usually suggested as a supplement to other treatments. Holistic treatment focuses on curing the whole person, not simply the symptoms of an illness or distress. A holistic doctor is a doctor who specialises in holistic medicine. The inclination to treat symptoms simply, rather than seeking and treating the fundamental cause or addressing a confluence of several contributing variables, is a response to what some people regard as a more reactionary approach to health. Because the terminology seem similar, holistic medicine and homoeopathy may be confused, but they are not the same.
Aromatherapy is a holistic healing technique that promotes health and well-being by using natural plant extracts. It's also known as essential oil treatment. Aromatherapy is a type of medicine that uses fragrant essential oils to promote the health of the body, mind, and soul. It improves both physical and mental well-being. Aromatherapy is regarded as both a science and an art. Aromatherapy has recently gained popularity in the domains of science and medicine. Aromatherapy, often known as essential oil therapy, is a term used to describe a variety of conventional, alternative, and complementary therapies that make use of essential oils and other aromatic plant compounds.
Since prehistoric times, medicinal plants, often known as medicinal herbs, have been identified and utilized in traditional medicine practices. Plants synthesize hundreds of chemical compounds for defence against insects, fungi, disease, and herbivorous mammals, among other things. Numerous phytochemicals have been found as having biological activity, either potential or established. Medicinal plants are well-known and popular for a variety of health advantages, including blood pressure reduction, cardiovascular disease prevention, and cancer risk reduction due to their antioxidant activity. The most dynamic, polyvalent technique for managing complicated, multivariate physiological disorders is medicinal plants. In non-industrialized communities, medicinal plants are commonly used, mostly because they are readily available and less expensive than conventional pharmaceuticals.
Biofeedback is a mind-body approach that teaches people to notice the physical signs and symptoms of stress and anxiety, such as elevated heart rate, body temperature, and muscle tension, using visual or auditory feedback. People can learn to relax their minds and bodies and cope better with stress symptoms by employing biofeedback to regulate the physical and psychological impacts of stress. Biofeedback's purpose is to make little changes in the body that have a desired effect. This could involve relaxing certain muscles, lowering the heart rate, or lessening pain. Biofeedback is a form of therapy that measures important bodily functions using sensors attached to your body. Biofeedback is a technique that teaches you more about how your body works. This knowledge may assist you in gaining better control over specific bodily systems and addressing health issues.
The term "allied medical sciences" refers to a wide range of fields that generate health professionals who are not doctors. To achieve the best patient outcomes, allied health practitioners collaborate with other members of a multidisciplinary health team. Allied health professionals seek to prevent, diagnose, and treat a variety of disorders and illnesses, and they frequently collaborate with other members of a multidisciplinary health team to ensure the best possible outcomes for patients.
"Complementary" is a term that implies "in addition to." Complementary medicine refers to a wide range of health-care techniques that can be utilised in conjunction with conventional medical treatment. A collection of diagnostic and therapeutic disciplines used in conjunction with traditional medicine. A good example of a complementary medicine is the use of acupuncture in addition to standard care to help a patient feel better after surgery.
Alternative medicine is not the same as complementary medicine. Alternative medicine is used instead of traditional medicine, whereas complementary medicine is used in conjunction with conventional treatment.
Ayurveda is an ancient Indian medical practise that dates back over 3,000 years. The Sanskrit terms ayur (life) and veda (science) are combined to form the term Ayurveda (science or knowledge). As a result, Ayurveda means "knowledge of life." Ayurveda encourages various lifestyle modifications and natural remedies to regain a balance between the body, mind, spirit, and environment, based on the belief that disease is caused by an imbalance or stress in a person's consciousness. Ayurvedic knowledge dates back over 5,000 years in India and is known as the "Mother of All Healing." It has its origins in ancient Vedic culture and has been passed down from generation to generation in an oral tradition from great masters to their students. Internal cleansing is the first step in Ayurveda treatment, followed by a particular diet, herbal treatments, massage therapy, yoga, and meditation.
Nature's resources are extensive, providing not only food, clothing, housing, and antiques, but also medicine for millennia. The greatest gift of nature is her environment, which provides food and medicine to allow mankind not only survive but also grow, develop, and thrive, especially in the face of disease and suffering. Ethnomedicine is the study of natural resources that have traditionally been used to treat or manage diseases in various ethnic cultures. Scientifically, "ethnomedicine" is the study of ethnic communities' "traditional medicine," or their knowledge and practices that have been passed down orally over ages and evolved over millennia of human existence. The integration of ethnomedicine and network pharmacology, guided by ethnomedicine theory, will aid in understanding the essence of ethnomedicine prevention and therapy in a dynamic and comprehensive manner.
Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) refers to medicinal parts of traditional knowledge that developed through generations inside many communities folk beliefs prior to the advent of modern medicine. Traditional medicine is thus mostly used to distinguish ancient and culturally based healthcare treatments that existed prior to the application of science to health issues in official modern scientific medicine or allopathy. Herb authentication is a quality control procedure that assures that the correct plant species and plant parts are utilized as raw materials in herbal medications. The safety and efficacy of herbal medications are dependent on the correct identification of herbal raw materials.
The worldwide popularity of herbal supplements, as well as the promise they hold in treating a variety of diseases, has sparked a surge in research into the molecular foundation of 'traditional treatments' biological activity. The potent antioxidant effects of herbs and spices have been explored in the last decade due to the strong links between oxidative stress, ageing, and disease. The herbs included are some of the most commonly used treatments, and they include flowering herbs, fruits and berries, roots and rhizomes, and fungi, among others. The use of mass spectrometry and chemometric fingerprinting technology in the authentication of herbs has also been investigated in the last decade to assist provide a new level of quality control to the production of herbal extracts. There is a requirement for rigorous scientific study of herbal medicines as the demand for effective, inexpensive health promotion and treatment expands, especially in the growing elderly population.
Physiotherapy is a science-based profession that takes a holistic approach to health and wellness, taking into account the patient's overall lifestyle. The patient's involvement in their own care, through education, awareness, empowerment, and participation in their treatment, is at the heart of the process. Physiotherapy can be beneficial at any point in one's life. Physiotherapy assists in the treatment of back pain or a sudden injury, as well as the management of long-term medical conditions like asthma and the preparation for childbirth or a sporting event. Within the areas of promotion, prevention, treatment/intervention, and rehabilitation, it is concerned with finding and maximising quality of life and mobility potential. Physical techniques are used to promote, maintain, and repair physical, psychological, and social well-being while accounting for differences in health status.