Objectives: As life expectancy increases, so does the number of people aging in the population. Osteoporosis is an age-related disease characterized by low bone mass. Bone density can be reduced by many factors, including nutrition, age, hormones, and physical activity (PA). Many studies have shown a correlation between lipids and osteoporosis. However, the relationship between lipids and osteoporosis is still controversial. This study investigated the effect of lipid levels on osteoporosis among patients in aged care facilities.
Method: We analyzed the data of a total of 86 elderly adults in the aged care facilities of Chiayi hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare. They were randomly divided into three groups: group normal (n=21), group low bone mass (n=24), and group osteoporosis (n=41). All elderly adults were surveyed for dual-energy xray absorptiometry (DXA). Serum levels of albumin (Alb), cholesterol (CHOL), and triglyceride (TG) were also tested. Pearson’s correlation test was performed to assess the association between lipid levels and osteoporosis.
Results: Data was collected among residents in aged care facilities from 2021 to 2022, and the data showed that they were all older than 60 years old. Among the 86 elderly people, 21 were normal (21 males and 0 females), 24 were low bone mass (15 males and 9 females) and 41 were osteoporosis (5 males and 36 females). We found no significant associations between albumin (Alb) and osteoporosis. Compared with osteoporosis group, normal group have significantly reduced cholesterol (CHOL), triglyceride (TG) levels.
Conclusion: Our study indicated that higher cholesterol (CHOL), triglyceride (TG) were associated with higher risk of osteoporosis. But further studies are needed to confirm our findings.
Audience Take Away Notes:
- Influence of lipid levels on elderly patients with osteoporosis.
- Associations of the bone mineral density and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.
- The risk factors and associations behind the malnutrition of the elderly will be discussed to expand on this research.