HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Paris, France or Virtually from your home or work.

6th Edition of International Conference on

Traditional Medicine, Ethnomedicine and Natural Therapies

June 20-22, 2024 | Paris, France

Traditional Medicine 2024

Mohd Farooq Naqshbandi

Speaker at Traditional Medicine, Ethnomedicine and Natural Therapies 2024 - Mohd Farooq Naqshbandi
Government Unani Medical College Associate Hospital, India
Title : DNA fragmentation and apoptosis in human colorectal cancer cell lines by sesamum indicum dried seeds


The four fractions of aqueous extract of Sesame Seeds (Sesamum indicum L.) were Studied for invitro DNA fragmentation, Cell migration and cellular apoptosis on SW480 and HTC116 Human colorectal cancer cell lines. The seeds of Sesamum indicum were extracted with six solvents including Methanol, Ethanol, Aqueous, Chloroform, Acetonitrile and Hexane. The aqueous extract (IC50 value 154 µg/ml) was found the most active in terms of cytotoxicity with SW480 Human colorectal cancer cell lines. Further fractionation of this aqueous extract on flash chromatography gave four fractions. These four fractions were studied for anticancer and DNA binding studies. Cell viability was assessed by colorimetric assay (MTT)IC50 values for all these four fractions ranged from 137 to 548 µg/mL for HTC116 cancer cell line and 141 to 402 µg/mL for the SW480 cancer cell line. The four fractions showed good anticancer and DNA binding properties. The DNA binding constants ranged from 10.4 ×104 5 to 28.7 ×104; showing good interactions with DNA. The DNA binding interactions were due to intercalative and π-π electron forces. The results indicate that aqueous extract fractions of sesame showed inhibition of cell migration of SW480 and HTC116 Human colorectal cancer cell lines and induced DNA Fragmentation and apoptosis. This was demonstrated by calculating low wound closure percentage in cells treated with these fractions as compared to control (80%). Morphological features of nuclei of cells treated with fractions revealed chromatin compression, nuclear shrinkage and apoptotic bodies formation which indicate cell death by apoptosis. The flow cytometer of fraction treated cells of SW480 and HTC116 Human colorectal cancer cell lines revealed death due to apoptosis. The results of the study indicate that aqueous extract of sesame seeds may be used to treat Colorectal cancer.