HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Paris, France or Virtually from your home or work.

6th Edition of International Conference on

Traditional Medicine, Ethnomedicine and Natural Therapies

June 20-22, 2024 | Paris, France

Traditional Medicine 2023

Abbas Abel Anzaku

Speaker at Traditional Medicine, Ethnomedicine and Natural Therapies 2023 - Abbas Abel Anzaku
Institute of Human Virology, Nigeria
Title : Antimicrobial activity of lauric acid on selected bacterial isolates of clinical importance


Background: Coconut oil continued to play a key role in traditional medicine from ancient times. This oil contains antimicrobial properties including lauric acid (C12), medium chain triglycerides that improve human health including enhanced digestion. In this study, we investigated the in vitro antimicrobial activity of lauric acid on bacterial isolates of clinical importance.
Methods: After ethics approval, clinical isolates were obtained from the Dalhatu Araf Specialist Hospital (DASH), Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Media preparation and biochemical examination of the isolates were performed according to standard methods. Coconut was processed into milk and was subsequently heated in a water bath in the presence of sodium hydroxide (10M solutions of NaOH) to esterified lauric acid. The oil was subsequently subjected to -35 oC for lauric acid esterification. Bacterial isolates S. aureus, Salmonella species, Lactobacillus species and E. coli accordingly. The antimicrobial sensitivity test (AST) was performed according to Bauer-Kirby disc diffusion. Zones of inhibition were measured in diameter. Extracted lauric acid was subjected to a sterility test by incubating overnight at 37°C.
Results: Lauric acid demonstrated the highest zones of inhibition on Staphylococcus aureus 15 mm ± 1.414 mm and Streptococcus species 15 mm ± 0.000 mm at the highest dilution factor of 1:10 followed by  Escherichia coli having a diameter of 14 mm ± 1.414 mm and the lowest inhibition on Salmonella species with a diameter 10 mm ± 0.000 mm equal dilution concentration.
Conclusion: In this study, lauric acid demonstrated antimicrobial sensitivity against all tested clinical isolates. This study recommends further study of this acid on other pathogenic organisms including the non-cellular strains viral should be considered.

Audience Take Away Notes:

  • Audience will be able to understand the extraction method of coconut oil and lauric acid esterification.
  •  Understand the antimicrobial properties of lauric acid on bacterial strains
  • This research will help researchers to go into research in traditional medicines to cure emerging and re-emerging infections
  • This study on coconut oil can guide drug design using lauric acid


Abbas Abel A, is a Program Officer with the Institute of Human Virology Nigeria (IHVN), working with Prof. Alash’le Abimiku research group. Experienced in molecular techniques and immuno-assays. He is currently pursuing his post-graduate program in Medical Microbiology. Abbas supports health system strengthening and implementation in Nigeria, including the development of National guidelines for the implementation of bi-directional testing of HIV, TB, and Malaria and other Acute Afebrile Illness (AFI) with COVID-19. He is a Fellow of the H3Africa Consortium. He has published 30 articles in peer-reviewed journals including phyto-medicine. He reviews for Virology Journal and Pan-Africa Medical Journals.