HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Tokyo, Japan or Virtually from your home or work.

5th Edition of International Conference on

Traditional Medicine, Ethnomedicine and Natural Therapies

May 22-23, 2023 | Tokyo, Japan

Traditional Medicine 2022

Sikarwar

Speaker at Traditional Medicine, Ethnomedicine and Natural Therapies 2022 -  Sikarwar
AKS. University, India
Title : Ethnomedicine and ethnomedicinal plants of india their identification,utilization and conservation

Abstract:

The relationship between the Plants and human beings is as old as human civilization. The plants provide three vital basic needs of life i.e. Food, Cloth and Shelter to Man. The fourth most important basic need is medicine, which is provided by the plants and used by man since thousands of years.The world health organization has estimated that more than 80% of the world population depends on traditional medical practices for primary health care needs.

Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines traditional medicine as“the sum total of knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories, beliefs and experiences indigenous to different cultures that are used to maintain health, as well as to prevent, diagnose, improve or treat physical and mental illnesses”

India is rich in medicinal plants diversity in world and regarded as “Medicinal Garden of the World”. Mention of medicinal virtues of hundreds of plants in India has been made in the most ancient literature like Vedas,), Puranas, Epics, Samhitas (Charakasamhita, Susrutasamhita), and Nighantus (Medicinal treatise like Astangahridayam, Bhava Prakash) etc. India also possesses a great heritage of ancient systems of medicine such as Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, Amchi and Homeopathy. Beside these systems there is another system called folklore system which exist in tribal and folk communities of India, collectively add to the rich diversity of medicinal flora in India. There are about 10000 plant species in India are used by 705 tribal and folk communities for various purposes and out of these  more than 8000 plant species used as medicine for the treatment of different ailments and diseases. Due to the side effects of modern medicine, the herbal medicine is being recognized by people of the developed countries.But due to the destruction of habitats by cutting of forests for fuel wood, timber, agriculture expansion, construction of dams, roads, railway lines, stone queering, grazing, fire, environmental pollution etc coupled with natural threats like draught, floods, landslides, diseases, lack of pollinators etc, the medicinal plants diversity is reduced to a great extent. 90% of raw material is collected from forests and out of which 70% collected from destructive manner. Only 10% provided from cultivation. About 200 high value medicinal plants are threatened. Owing to lack of genuine medicinal plants, substitute is used or adulterer with similar material therefore the qualities of herbaldrugs are deteriorating. The correct identification and authentication of plants/material is also a great problem in India. In Ayurveda, one name is given to several plants and several plants have one common name, therefore confusion is created among the people. Therefore the correct botanical identification is necessary. The details will be presented during the seminar.

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