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5th Edition of International Conference on

Traditional Medicine, Ethnomedicine and Natural Therapies

May 22-23, 2023 | Tokyo, Japan

Traditional Medicine 2022

Hubert Olivier Dossou Yovo

Speaker at Traditional Medicine, Ethnomedicine and Natural Therapies 2022 - Hubert Olivier Dossou Yovo
University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Title : Ethnobotanical utilization of five neglected herbaceous species Heliotropium indicum Schrankia leptocarpa Argemone mexicana, Kedrostis foetidissima and Peperomia pellucida in Benin

Abstract:

Ethnobotanical utilization of five neglected herbaceous species Heliotropium indicum, Schrankia leptocarpa, Argemone mexicana, Kedrostis fœtidissima, and Peperomia pellucida was investigated in Southern Benin. Thirty-six herbal medicine traders were surveyed in six different markets in three districts in order to gather ethnobotanical knowledge. Ethnobotanical indices such as the Relative Frequency Citation, Fidelity Level, Use Value, and Rahman Similarity Index were used to state the diversity of medico-magic exploitation of the species. All informants traded A. mexicana while the majority of them traded H. indicum, K. fœtidissima, and P. pellucida. There were less informants trading S. leptocarpa compared to the other species (55% of traders). Purchase in traders' own markets was the most single important source of H. indicum, A. mexicana , and P. pellucida while this source in addition to the collection from the wild populations were reported as predominant for S. leptocarpa. A. mexicana was recorded as most demanded by customers. H. mexicana was mainly used to treat hypertension and fever using the entire  plant as well as its leaves as decoction with oral administration for the first disease. Similarly, S. leptocarpa was mostly reported in the treatment of hypertension and to ease childbirth. Against hypertension, the entire plant as decoction with oral administration was reported. K. fœtidissima mainly served to fight against bad spirits by mostly using leafy stems. Likewise, P. pellucida was mainly recorded as used to implant a vodun, a traditional West African religion. The entire plant of A. mexicana was frequently used as decoction through oral route to heal babies just after the umbilical cord fall. Jaundice was also traded using the leafy stems of the species as decoction through oral administration. S. leptocarpa had the highest Use Value. Overall, traders dis not the study species so there is an urgent to define conservation tools and strategies for their conservation.

Biography:

Master of Science in natural resources management, senior Researcher and Reviewer. Contributor to the Biodiversity Atlas of West Africa, and book of the second World Agroforestry Congress. Studies on termitaria-related plant species used for medicinal purposes in the Pendjari Reserve, Benin; The medicinal exploitation of mangrove species in Benin; Ethnobotanical Utilization of Kigelia africana in Benin (in review, Scientific Reports, Thomson Reuters journal); Application of Ethnobotanical indices to access the medico-magic exploitation of four herbaceous species in Benin (in review, The Scientific World Journal, Thomson Reuters journal). He has recently published an ethnobotanical study on woody species  used used for carving. Investigations of the ecological patterns of Termitaria and their related plant species in the Pendjari Biosphere Reserve, Northern Benin. He has also co-authored research article on the financial Value of Non Timber Forest Products on Benin. He is the first author of a research article dealing with the development of ecotourism using research research findings on Termitaria. Reviewer with Publons Review Records in Ethnobotany, Ethnobiology, and Forest Conservation.

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